The active participation in international scientific conferences and summer schools (e.g., CLEO, OSA, NATO, CFN) is encouraged by KSOP. The immersion into the international scientific community is an integral part of a Ph. D. work and fosters networking with scientists from all over the world. The participation in international conferences or summer schools is acknowledged as Scientific Modules. We further offer a KSOP Summer School every two years as well as the Karlsruhe Days of Optics & Photonics (KDOP).